LibGuides: OSCOLA referencing guide: Working Papers.

Oscola referencing is meant to help authors achieve the consistency needed to persuade their readers. The referencing system is most common for post graduate law students, whereby citations are put in footnotes and also at the bottom of the page.

The Oxford Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities (OSCOLA) style of referencing was designed by the Oxford University Law School and is commonly used in Law across the UK. OSCOLA referencing typically requires less direct referencing than other styles. Citing Book(s) The Oxford style uses footnotes to reference information.

OSCOLA - Referencing guide at the University of Manchester.

OSCOLA referencing guide Working Papers Search this Guide Search. OSCOLA referencing guide: Working Papers. Example of a footnote of a working paper which has not yet been published in a journal:. except that the author's surname comes first followed by their initials and there is no full stop at the end of the citation. Example of the.Footnotes. When citing another work in your text, insert a small superscript number (eg 1 ) to denote a footnote. In the footnote at the bottom of the same page, insert the reference. In your footnote reference, refer to a specific page - or range of pages - if appropriate (this is known as.OSCOLA is a numerical footnoted referencing style. It uses footnotes for citations in the body of writing which are identified by a superscript number, usually at the end of a sentence after the full stop. Example: Cowan contends that there has been an erosion of human rights.1 The numbers in the text correspond with the footnotes. The full.


The OSCOLA style can be considered a footnote-based alternative to the Harvard format, as it is also applied in universities throughout the world regardless of the discipline. In it, you assign each citation a footnote that duplicates the reference at the end of the paper almost precisely, with some exceptions such as using a specific page number.The full OSCOLA document, giving more examples and covering the full range of materials, is available online from Oxford University. Why? Passages taken from the work of others must be suitably acknowledged with the use of speech marks and a clear reference to the source.

Repeat Citations in OSCOLA When referring to a source that you’ve already cited in OSCOLA, you can simply refer the reader back to the original citation. This saves you words. There are two options: Option 1: ibid Ibid allows you to point the reader to the footnote immediately above the current one. In the example.

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OSCOLA Quick Reference Guide Primary Sources Do not use full stops in abbreviations. Separate citations with a semi-colon. Cases Give the party names, followed by the neutral citation, followed by the Law Reports citation (eg AC, Ch, QB). If there is no neutral citation, give the Law Reports citation followed by the court in brackets. If.

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OSCOLA Referencing Help and Advice. The reference tools above are also a helpful learning tool for how to create your own references and if used in conjunction with our related referencing guides you should be up and creating your references and footnote citations in no time at all.

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OSCOLA is the abbreviated name for Oxford Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities. It’s the style many students use for referencing authorities, legislation and other legal materials. It is widely used in law schools and by journal and book publishers both in the UK and abroad.

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OSCOLA is a footnote style, which means means that your in-text citation will be a small superscript number which will link to a full description of your source within a footnote. A footnote occurs at the bottom of a page and the citation numbers will increase across the document e.g. if pages 1 and 2 each have a citation, they are numbered (1) and then (2).

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A citation in a footnote is not required if all the information the reader needs about the source is provided in the text, but it is where you have not named the Act in the text, or where you need to refer to a specific section (as in 'In the text example') Subsequent footnotes: 7 HRA 1998, sX. (Note - where X is the specific section referred to).

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Footnotes must be listed numerically and consecutively, both in your essay and in your Footnote citation. Footnote numbers must be superscripted. In your text, add a superscripted number immediately after the quote or reference cited with no space. The Footnote citations must be added at the foot or bottom of the SAME page where you have cited.

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Typically, you will cite sources in footnotes in OSCOLA referencing. In addition, most of the time, you will create a list of the sources you have cited for a bibliography at the end of the document. Primary Sources in OSCOLA Referencing. The format for citing case law in OSCOLA referencing varies depending on whether the case has a neutral.

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Footnote Format: Author of chapter, 'Title of chapter' in Editor name(s) (eds), Title of book (Publisher Year of Publication) Page number referencing. Footnote Example: Francis Rose, 'The Evaluation of the Species' in Andrew Burrows and Alan Rodge (eds), Mapping the Law: Essays in Memory of Peter Birks (Oxford University Press 2006) 102. Bibliography Format.

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If there are other footnotes in between the original footnote and the next time the source is cited, use a shortened version of the source title, with a cross-citation in brackets to the footnote in which the full citation can be found (n). For cases, a shortened version of the case name is usually enough in subsequent citations. For example.

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